Q-Switched Nd Yag Laser Tattoo Removal

 How Laser Tattoo Removal Works

The Q-Switched laser delivers specific-wavelengths of light extremely quickly (in nano-seconds) at a very high energy. These pulses are selectively absorbed by the tattoo pigment, shattering it into tiny fragments small enough for the body to recognize the particles as a foreign object, and over the next several weeks some of particles (in shallow cuticle) are discharged from the body and the other part (in deep tissue) are absorbed and digested by the body's macrophages and removed out of the body by the immune system. Since the specific wavelengths used can only be absorbed by pigment particles, no lasting injury happens to normal skin and normal tissues.


Q-Switch laser systems can now remove all types of tattoo with little or no scarring. Professional and amateur tattoos, as well as traumatic tattoos, resulting from accidents, are treated successfully. Multiple treatments will be required.

Matters that can Influence Laser Treatment

There are many factors which can affect the results of successful treatments and complete removal is not always achievable. Clients should be given realistic expectations of treatment results, and complete removal of pigment can never be guaranteed.


*Amateur or professional tattoo – Amateur tattoos are easier to remove as usually they are not as deep as professional tattoos and the ink is more sparsely applied. Amateur tattoos are usually only a single color (black or blue), whereas many professional tattoos are multi-colored.


*Type of ink used - The pigment divided into plants pigment, mixture pigment, and chemical pigment. The plant based pigment is the easiest to dispel, while the chemical pigment is most difficult. If pigment contains iron and lead in the mixture and chemical pigment, it may not react well to laser treatment and can be difficult to remove.


*Depth of ink - Generally speaking the deeper the pigment, the more difficult to remove. And it also takes many times to dispel. It will easy to dispel if the depth of the pigment is thin. Any treatment will not react well if the pigment is chemical based, even the depth of the pigment is thin.


*Colors in tattoo – Black and blue tattoos are the easiest to remove while the green and yellow pigments are the hardest as there is not an ideal wavelength that either of these colors absorb. Tattoo's that have had white (titanium oxide) applied cannot be removed until the white has faded. UV inks cannot be treated.


*Age of tattoo - Older tattoos usually easier to treat, new tattoos contain more pigment (ink) and often multiple colors.


*Clients own healing ability - The different physique of people. The factors include age, skin, and body immunity and so on.


Clients May Experience:


Swelling or Bruising


Pinprick Bleeding


Feeling of Sunburn



Frosting, Scabs and Crusts


Pigmentation changes due to loss of skin pigment can occur (temporary except in rare cases).


Dry Itchy skin


Temporary hair loss



 Picture of Frosting 

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Picture of Blistering

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There are lots of factors to determine how many treatments it will take to fully remove a tattoo such as the ink used, how deep the tattoo is under the skin, how old the tattoo is and so on. Typically, you can expect 4-8 treatments for most tattoos and others can take up to 16 treatments.